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Bribery and Public Corruption

Congress has enacted numerous statutes that seek to prevent and punish corruption by public officials.  Such corruption by public officials includes bribery and illegal gratuity, usually involving attempts to influence official acts.

To prove bribery, the government must show a corrupt intent to influence, or be influenced in, the performance of an official act.

To prove illegal gratuity, the government must prove only that the gratuity was given or accepted for or because of any official act.

There are also penalties for charges relating to criminal conflict of interest, such as unauthorized compensation, limitations on activities of government officers and employees, limitations on lobbying by individuals after they leave government service, prohibitions on participating in matters that the official has a financial interest, and prohibitions against federal employees receiving illegal outside salaries for services rendered.